None Of The Above focuses primarily on what we have identified as the incumbency protection contributors to political dysfunction and polarization in the United States today. However, there are many other opinions regarding causes of dysfunction and polarization that we respect. To accommodate other efforts, we have listed them here.

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Talk about Dysfunction

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Political Parties are fighting each other instead of working together!
Campaign Finance

Most campaign finance laws are significantly skewed to benefit the incumbents. In almost every race, at every level of government, the incumbent significantly out-raises the opponent in much needed financial resources.


Decennial reapportionment and redistricting has reached the point where there are very few competitive seats at the legislative level.

Ballot Access

Ballot access laws are designed to avoid competition by keeping potential opponents off the ballot.

Voting Rights

In many states, restrictive voting rights legislation holds down voter registration and turn-out.

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